The success of a nation’s education is not just characterized by the existing educational infrastructure but several other factors need to be considered to understand ways and means of improvement of the overall learning and education at a system level. These factors are the level of enrollment of students into educational streams, the number of students who complete this education, and dropout percentage, and the real-time development of competencies as a result of education contributing as a positive driver of human resource development of the nation. These can only be enhanced with the help of increased emphasis on the entire educational experience that encompasses all the aspects of a student’s life.

Reduction of poverty to improve learning outcomes at the system level

Developing countries of Asia like Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, etc. have a concerning level of rising poverty pushing several more people below the poverty line. It has been speculated that students from a poorer household tend to perform lesser than those who are not. This has often been attributed to the lack of some basic facilities or amenities at home that restrict their increase in academic performance. Therefore, to better the overall quality of learning, governments of these developing nations like Afghanistan need to take specific measures to improve urban and societal infrastructure in ways that benefit the poorer sections of society. Moreover, government welfare schemes should also be a major agenda on the national budgets to help alleviate such poverty.

How to build a better systems-level approach to improve education in Afghanistan

A three-phase plan can be enacted in developing countries like Afghanistan to enhance the quality of learning and education at a system level. In the first phase, the emphasis needs to be laid on primary or foundational learning. At this stage, the designing and monitoring of such learning and education programmes are of quintessential importance. The second phase is to enact learning management mechanisms that align the short and long term goals identified in the design stage with the curriculum of educational institutions. This mechanism should also have a facility of simplified communication for the progress of students. The third phase involves more specific and strict management over this system which ensures that the direction is clear through lessons taught to students as well as teacher support tools.

Efficacy of foreign education for Aghani students

Despite these complex system-level approaches to the development of education in Afghanistan, several socio-political factors within the country may hinder the progress of education. It is due to such reasons that Afghani students tend to seek foreign education and a means to migrate into more politically stable countries to pursue their academics and begin their professional careers. Private universities with an educational infrastructure akin to western universities have a key role to play in this case. Particularly, Sharda University of India welcomes Afghani students who are meritorious and have a drive for innovation, so that they may excel in their academic pursuits.

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